In his famous Autobiography, Ben Franklin proffers the following 13 virtues as ‘necessary or desirable:’
He does not explicitly tell us ‘necessary or desirable’ toward what end, but it is apparent from context he means ‘necessary or desirable’ toward achieving material success. Indeed, what is the aim of Industry and Frugality, either alone or in concert, if not to maintain a full larder?
If Franklin had, in his time, been a little more in touch with his yin self relative to his yang self, he might have noticed a need for a second set of virtues, to complement the first set. Indeed, whereas Ben’s virtues collectively stand in service to one’s own interests (are inward-focused), the missing virtues would collectively stand in service to one’s neighbor’s interests (be outward-focused). These complementing virtues might aptly be called the 13 relational virtues, and might include the following or the like:
Question: What if Franklin had mentioned the latter virtues in his Autobiography? What if he had given them equal weight relative to his 13 inward-focused virtues? How might the world have turned out differently?